Walt Disney Short Biography

Walt Disney brief biography of the great animator and founder of the largest Disney empire

Walt Disney Short Biography

Born December 5, 1901 in Chicago, in the family of a poor Irish immigrant. I started drawing at the age of 7. He grew up on a farm in Missouri, later the family moved to Kansas City, where Disney began his career as an artist in 1919, was engaged in advertising, and in 1920 created the first small film company.

In 1923, with 40 dollars in his pocket, he went to Hollywood, where he and his brother Roy opened a film studio in a converted garage. Soon they managed to get a large order from New York and move to another room. In 1925 he married one of his employees, they had two daughters. His career was successful, he has already created several animated characters, including the Oswald rabbit, but as a result of deception he lost his copyright.

But soon Disney created a new popular mouse, Mickey. Mickey Mouse first appeared on the screen in 1928. Disney was just finishing his second silent drawn film when sound came to the cinema. And the next movie with Mickey Mouse became sound - it was the first sound cartoon by Steamboat Wiley.

In 1929, Disney released "Naive Symphonies", in which Mickey's new friends appeared - Minnie Mouse, Donald Duck, Goofy and Pluto. The first color cartoon is the most popular cartoon, Flowers and Trees, which brings its creators an Oscar. The cartoon “Three Little Pigs”, released in 1933 with the song “Who is Afraid of the Big Evil Wolf?” Sounded in the credits, becomes an unofficial anthem of the country at the very height of the Great Depression.

On December 21, 1937, the premiere of the first full-length animated film "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs" took place in Los Angeles. Even despite the ongoing Depression, he collects an unprecedented amount of 1 million 499 thousand US dollars and immediately won eight Oscars. Over the next five years, the Walt Disney studio creates a number of full-length animated films: Pinocchio, Fantasy, Dumbo and Bambi.

In December 1939, the Walt Disney Studios division opened in Burbank. But in 1941, the company was in for trouble related to the strike of the Disney animators. Many of them subsequently quit, and the company will be able to recover from this loss only after a few years.

During World War II, Disney Studios switched to production of propaganda and instructional films commissioned by the government.

In 1950, Cinderella appeared, followed by Alice in Wonderland (1951), Peter Pen (1953), a painting featuring live actors called Treasure Island (1950). ), “Lady and the Tramp” (1955), “Sleeping Beauty” (1959) and “101 Dalmatians” (1961). In general, this studio introduces more than a hundred new characters into the world of animated films.

Disney was one of the first to use television for entertainment purposes.

Disney studio in the late 1950s - early 1960s gradually switched to the production of documentary specific films, including Living Desert and Disappearing Prairie.

One of the last major Disney businesses has been the creation of an amusement park. Disneyland California was opened in 1955; a second park, in Florida, after the death of Disney, in 1971.

Disney dies in Los Angeles on December 15, 1966

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