Message about St. Petersburg

The report on St. Petersburg will briefly help you expand your knowledge of the world's largest northern city, which is famous for bridges, islands, museums, palaces, parks and cathedrals.

Message about St. Petersburg


Russia has always wanted to take a firm step near the Baltic. But only the Great Transformer, Tsar Peter I was able to implement this plan. The king aimed to cut a "window" into Europe, strengthening his power. And the construction of St. Petersburg fully met the goal.

Peter I liked the Hare island as a territory for development. Of course, in those days its territory was small, but the king and his ascetics appreciated the strategic importance of Hare Island. Thus began the construction of the fortress, which was called the Peter and Paul Fortress. It was built on May 16, 1703, and St. Petersburg began with it.

The first buildings in St. Petersburg were the huge house of Menshikov (Vasilievsky Island) and the house of Peter the Great, and the first streets were Malaya and Bolshaya Dvoryanskie, Posadskaya. On the banks of the Neva in 1713, near the Fontanka River, the Petrovsky Summer Palace was built and a garden named Summer was built with it.

Since 1721, St. Petersburg became the official capital of the Russian Empire, which opened trade routes with the West. Libraries, temples, museums, palaces, educational institutions and theaters were erected in the city. Throughout the history of his existence, he changed several names, having visited Leningrad and Petrograd. In 1991, the city began to be called St. Petersburg.

Climate of St. Petersburg

The climate is characterized by humid, moderately warm summers and moderately cold winters. The average summer temperature is + 18 ° C, and winter - –10 ° C. On average, 634 mm of precipitation falls annually. Among the winds, western, southern and southwest prevail. In the period from May 25–26 to July 16–17, such a phenomenon as white nights is observed in St. Petersburg: the sun sets briefly over the horizon and the daylight reaches 19 hours.

The population of St. Petersburg

The population has been constantly growing since its inception. Since 1725, 25,000 people have lived here, and at the beginning of the 20th century, about 2,000,000 people. Today, the population is more than 5,000,000 inhabitants. The city has been holding the 4th place in terms of population among European cities for more than a century. He is ahead of London, Paris and at different times, then Vienna, then Berlin, then Moscow.

Natural potential

The basis of the city’s resource potential is underground and fresh surface waters, the total length of which is 217.5 km. The main artery of St. Petersburg is the Neva River. Chloride and sodium mineral waters were found in the Sestretsk region. At their base there was a resort. In the northern part of the cultural capital - mineral glandular medicinal-table waters.

Also in the city there are deposits of pebbles, sand and gravel materials, sand, sandstones, clays, peat and loam. In the southern part, a zone of thermal anomaly is observed - the temperature of crystalline rocks at a depth of 1900–2200 m reaches 70 ° C.

Sights of St. Petersburg

If you decide to visit this beautiful city, then first of all it is worth visiting the following places. These are the Winter Palace, the General Staff building, Palace Square, Stroganov Palace, St. Isaac's Cathedral, Kazan and Smolny Cathedrals, Peter and Paul Fortress, Admiralty, Peterhof fountains. There are 64 rivers, 800 bridges, 100 islands, 48 ​​canals in St. Petersburg.

Do not ignore the Russian Museum, the Hermitage, the Kunstkamera, the Museum of Circus Art, the Museum of Cosmonautics and Rocket Technology, the Museum of Heraldry, the Museum of Awards, the Central Naval Museum, and the Mariinsky Theater.

Interesting facts about St. Petersburg:

  • The city is located on 30 islands
  • The St. Petersburg Metro is the deepest and most beautiful in the world.
  • It is a city of trams.
  • The palace and park ensembles and the historical center of St. Petersburg are included in the UNESCO heritage list.
  • The city has built more than 70 theaters, 200 museums, 1000 libraries and 50 cinemas.

We hope that the report on the topic “St. Petersburg” helped you learn a lot of interesting information about this city. And you can leave a message about St. Petersburg through the comment form below.

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