The message about Chaliapin briefly set out in this article will tell you about the life and work of the Russian opera and chamber singer.
Report on Fedor Chaliapin
Chaliapin Fedor Ivanovich was born on February 13 in 1873 in Kazan in a family of writers in the Zemstvo administration. Parents noticed a beautiful treble from a little boy and sent him to sing in a church choir, where he familiarized himself with the basics of musical literacy. In parallel with this, Fedor was trained in shoemaking.
The future Russian singer Fedor Chaliapin graduated from only a few elementary school classes and went to work as an assistant clerk. Once he visited the Kazan Opera House, and art captivated him. At the age of 16, the young man tries to listen to the theater, but in vain. Fedora took as an extras Serebryakov, the head of the drama collective.
Over time, he is entrusted with vocal parts. Successful performance of Zaretsky’s part (opera Eugene Onegin) brings him little success. Inspired by Chaliapin, he decides to change the collective to the musical group of Semenov-Samarsky, into which he was taken as a soloist, and leaves for Ufa.
Having gained musical experience, the singer is invited to the Little Russian wandering theater of Derkach. With him, Chaliapin toured the country. In Georgia, Fedora is noticed by D. Usatov, a vocal teacher, and takes him to his full support. The future singer not only studied with Usatov, but also worked at the local opera house, performing bass parts.
Creativity of Fedor Chaliapin
The life of Fedor Chaliapin changes in 1894, when he entered the service of the Imperial Theater in St. Petersburg. It was here that during one performance he was noticed by philanthropist Savva Mamontov, who lured Fedor to himself. Mamontov gave him freedom of choice in his theater regarding the parties he performed. He quailed the parts from the operas Life for the Tsar, Sadko, Pskovityanka, Mozart and Salieri, Khovanshchina, Boris Godunov and Mermaid.
At the beginning of the twentieth century, he appears in the Mariinsky Theater as a soloist. Together with the metropolitan theater, he toured Europe and New York. Repeatedly performed at the Moscow Bolshoi Theater.
In 1905, Fedor Chaliapin, a singer, was already a well-formed artist who performed songs that were famous at that time. He often gave the money from concerts to the workers, which earned him respect from the Soviet authorities.
After the revolution in Russia, Fedor Ivanovich was appointed head of the Mariinsky Theater and awarded the title of People's Artist of the Republic. But he managed to work in the theater field in a new position not for long. In 1922, with his family, the singer emigrated abroad and he did not perform more in Soviet Russia. The power after some time deprived him of the title of People's Artist of the Republic.
Abroad, he went on a tour of the world. After the last tour in the countries of the Far East, Fedor Ivanovich felt ill. After a medical examination in 1937, he was diagnosed with blood oncology. Doctors said that he would not live more than a year. The great singer died in April 1938 in his Paris apartment.
Fedor Chaliapin personal life
His first wife was a ballerina of Italian descent. Her name was Iola Tornagi. The couple got married in 1896. 6 children were born in the marriage - Igor, Boris, Fedor, Tatyana, Irina, Lydia. Chaliapin often went to perform in St. Petersburg, where he met Maria Valentinovna Petzold. She had two children from her first marriage. They began to meet secretly and, in fact, Fedor Ivanovich started a second family. The artist led a double life before leaving for Europe, where he took a second family. At that time, Mary gave birth to three more children - Martha, Marina and Dacia. Chaliapin later took five children from his first marriage to Paris (his son Igor died at the 4th age). Officially, the marriage of Maria and Fedor Chaliapin was registered in Paris in 1927. Although he maintained a friendly relationship with his first wife Iola, he constantly wrote letters to her about the achievements of their children. Iola herself went to Rome in the 1950s at the invitation of her son.
- The music of Fedor Chaliapin was not preserved in good quality on gramophone records. However, contemporaries note his flighty, timbre voice with pronounced tremolation.
- Fedor Chaliapin not only sang. He was fond of sculpture, painting and even starred in 2 films.
- Even in his youth, he auditioned for the choir with M. Gorky. And the team leaders gave preference to the latter. Chaliapin harbored a grudge against Gorky for life, although he did not know what his rival’s name was. Once at a meeting with the writer Fedor Ivanovich told him this story. And Gorky, laughing, said that he was that offender.
- Has his star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
- He painted perfectly, as evidenced by his "Self-Portrait".
- Collected weapons.
- His second wife could not officially bear the name Chaliapin, since he was not divorced from his first wife. There have always been scandals in the Western press about this. Once, on a tour in New York, reporters blackmailed the artist, demanding $ 10,000 so that the information would not go to the people.
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