Socrates's achievements in the philosophy of the famous ancient Greek thinker and philosopher are summarized in this article.
Socrates and his contribution to philosophy
In the development of ancient philosophy, an important role was played by Socrates (470/469 - 399 BC). He devoted his whole life to this science, although he did not leave a single work after his death. The subject of the philosophy of Socrates was the soul, human consciousness and life in general. He also laid the foundations of Aristotelian and Platonic views.
In philosophy, the thinker was guided by the principles formulated by the oracles:
- know yourself
- no man knows anything reliably, and only a true sage knows that he does not know anything.
These principles should have encouraged people to expand their knowledge to comprehend the truth. In modern language it is a method of familiarizing oneself with cognition through irony and recognition of one’s own ignorance.
Self-knowledge, + as Socrates said, is a search for knowledge and principles of life, knowledge and virtue. Human ignorance is manifested in the fact that virtue and knowledge are considered by people as 2 independent, different substances. They also think that knowledge does not affect human behavior. And Socrates for the first time substantiated an ethical concept based on knowledge and overcoming ignorance.
Another contribution of Socrates is the development of inductive reasoning and general definitions. Inductive reasoning is the analysis of individual judgments or a certain number of things. It is intended for definitions of concepts that express the nature of things or essence. Thus, Socrates was the first to stand at the origins of the emergence of general concepts in philosophy.
The thinker made a great contribution to the development of dialectics. Another philosopher Aristotle believed that before Socrates it did not exist at all. Dialectics is the doctrine of the denial of contradiction, overcoming the contradiction, preventing the contradiction. It is closely intertwined with the doctrine of expediency.
Thus, the great thinker and philosopher Socrates completed the natural philosophical period and began a new philosophical stage, which was developed in the works of Aristotle and Plato.
We hope that from this article you learned how Socrates contributed to philosophy.