The basic ideas of Islam set forth in this article will help you prepare for classes and expand your knowledge in this area.
The main ideas of Islam
Islam is believed to have originated in 622, during the Hijra, the first Muslim exodus to Medina from Mecca. In many ways, this religion adopted the mythology and dogma of the long-standing religions of Christianity and Judaism. Islam is a religion with clearly developed, its own fundamental principles and provisions that rely on the Sunnah and the Qur'an. The principles of Islam are set forth in the “Pillars of Faith,” which are at the same time its dogmatic main ideas:
- Belief in Allah - God the Creator of all things
The dogma includes the main position of tawhid (monotheism). A person who adheres to shirk or polytheism faces a terrible punishment, since giving God partners is considered the most terrible sin.
The main Islamic books, the Sunnah and the Qur'an, mention angels close to Allah. The most frequently mentioned are the angel of Revelation Djibril (Gabriel) and Israfil - an angel who read out divine decisions about the world and the fate of people to other angels so that they would fulfill his will. Its main attribute is the horn. Israfil will blow out of it on the day of the resurrection of the dead. Also mentioned is the guardian angel of Hell - Malik, the angels interviewing a person after death - Nakir and Munkar, the angels who test the faith of a person - Marut and Harut. An important role in Islam is played by the guardian of Paradise, the angel of death of Israel, the "fallen angel" and the devil of Islam Iblis.
- Faith in the Holy Scriptures
This idea implies divine revelations sent to people. In Islam, Christians and Jews are called the people of the scriptures (ahl al-kitab), that is, those who received divine covenants through the prophets.
- Faith in the Messenger-Prophets of God
The holy Islamic books of the Quran and Sunna teach to receive the prophets of Allah. Altogether there are 124,000 envoys; only 28 of them are mentioned in the Qur'an. The most “persistent” are: Nuh (Noah), Ibrahim (Abraham), Daud (David), Yakub (Jacob), Yusuf (Joseph), Ayyub (Job), Musa (Moses), Isa (Jesus), Muhammad.
- Faith on the Day of Judgment
In Islam, the Doomsday idea implies a universal catastrophe, God's judgment, the coming resurrection, the existence of heaven and hell.
Muslims believe that everything in the world happens according to the definition and will of Allah.
We hope that from this article you learned what are the main ideas of Islam.