Oscar Wilde Short Biography

Oscar Wilde Short Biography

Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde ( Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde ) - Irish philosopher, esthetician, writer, poet.

Oscar was born on October 16, 1854 in Dublin, his father was an ophthalmologist, and his mother was a writer and journalist. Oscar Wilde received his first education at home. Parents, superbly educated, instilled in him from childhood a love of books and languages.

From 1864 to 1871, Oscar Wilde studied at the Portor Royal School (near Dublin), which he graduated with a gold medal. Wilde was awarded a Royal School Scholarship to study at Dublin Trinity College (Trinity College)

In this educational institution, Wilde acquired not only knowledge, but also some beliefs, character traits that he retained for his whole life.

In 1874, Wilde was awarded a scholarship to study at Oxford College of Magdalene in the classical department. While still a student, Oscar traveled to Europe, and also wrote several works. For the poem "Ravenna" received the Newdigate Prize. After graduation, he settled in London, traveled to the USA with lectures.

Wilde's first published collection of Poems was published in 1881. Returning to London, Oscar marries Constance Lloyd (they had 2 sons, for whom he himself wrote and published fairy tales).

The next period of his life was literally fruitful. He worked as a journalist (was the editor of the magazine "Women's World"), and also wrote many stories at that time. In 1890, Wilde’s popular novel Portrait of Dorian Gray was published.

The wit of the writer was perfectly manifested in the comedies “The Ideal Husband”, “The Importance of Being Serious,” and “ Salome .” After a love affair with Alfred Douglas (he abandoned his family because of this relationship), the Marquis of Queensberry sued Wilde. Oscar was sentenced to two years in prison, in which he finally broke morally. Freed in 1897, he settled in France, changing his name to Sebastian Melmoth, wrote "The Ballad of Reading Prison."

On November 30, 1900, Wilde's life was cut short as a result of an illness (meningitis).

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