Ivan the Terrible short biography

Ivan the Terrible, a brief biography will tell you about the great Moscow prince, who was the first to carry out centralization reform, put in order the military system and significantly expanded the borders of his state.

Ivan the Terrible biography briefly

John IV Vasilievich was born on August 25, 1530 near Moscow in the village of Kolomenskoye. His father Vasily III died in 1533, after 5 years, the mother of the future king also died.

The ceremony of his wedding to the kingdom was held in 1547 in the Assumption Cathedral of the Kremlin. He bore the title of emperor, which put Ivan Vasilievich on a par with the emperors of the Holy Roman Empire.

He took up the conduct of domestic and foreign policy, in which he was assisted by advisers to the Elected Council - Kurbsky, Metropolitan Makarii, Adashev and Archpriest Sylvester.

Ivan Vasilievich in 1549 convened the Zemsky Cathedral, the first in the history of Russia. It was attended by representatives of all sectors of the population, except serfs. Here administrative, political, economic issues were decided. At the end of the 40s, he carried out a number of reforms: military, landmark, zemstvo, labial.

In 1550, Grozny adopted the “Code of Laws”, thanks to which the peasant communities received the right to self-government, to lay taxes and restore order. A year later, the king convenes the Stoglavy Cathedral, at which they adopted the Stoglav collection of church life. Between 1555 and 1556, the “Code of Service” was adopted, which formed the new charter and structure of the army.

Also this year, Grozny introduced the oprichnina, a new form of government, which was aimed at strengthening the autocracy.

Ivan the Terrible pursued a course on expanding the borders of the state, on capturing the western shores of the Baltic Sea and ending the struggle against the Golden Horde.

Ivan Vasilievich made military campaigns, during which the following were annexed to the Russian state: the Kazan Khanate in 1547 - 1552, the Astrakhan Khanate, the Volga Region and the Urals in 1556. Grozny became dependent on the Great Nogai Horde and Ediger Khan, and the city of Saray-Batu, the capital of the Golden Horde, was destroyed.

In the period 1554 - 1557, the king's troops fought with Sweden and won. But in the Lebanese war of 1558 - 1583, they failed.

The great Russian Tsar Ivan the Terrible died in Moscow on March 18, 1584.

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