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The story of the tomb of Tutankhamun, famous throughout the world of the ancient Egyptian pharaoh, is summarized in this article. The report on the tomb of Tutankhamun can be supplemented by interesting facts.

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Tutankhamun was a pharaoh of the XVIII dynasty of the pharaohs of Egypt, and he ruled the kingdom in 1347-1337 BC. This young ruler became a symbol of ancient Egyptian civilization and the most famous pharaoh thanks to the find of his tomb. She was the only one in the Valley of the Kings to whom the hands of the robbers practically did not touch.

The tomb of the pharaoh was discovered in the Valley of the Kings. And this is the only tomb that reached the researchers in its original form. This despite the fact that she was apparently hidden by thieves two times. The tomb was discovered in 1922 by two Englishmen - Egyptologist Howard Carter and amateur archaeologist Lord George Carnarvon. Here they found a lot of jewelry, a sarcophagus of gold with the body of a mummified pharaoh. But about everything in more detail.

The story of the discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamun

The search for the tomb of Tutankhamun began in 1916. The idea of ​​archaeologist Carter and Lord Carnavon seemed utopian to everyone, because until that time the Valley of the Kings was shoveled up and down. But the British stubbornly went to their goal for 6 years. Having dug up all the plots, they did not affect a small part of the territory where, in their opinion, there were huts of tomb builders.

Under the first shack, Egyptologists discovered a step leading down. Having begun to clear the stairs, archaeologists below saw the walled door of the tomb. It was a sensation. The opening of the tomb of Tutankhamun happened on November 3, 1922. The first stage of work on this was completed. Carter decided to wait for Lord Carnarvon, who was in London.

November 25, 1922 they went down to the tomb. Upon reaching the door, Carter realized that the tomb of Tutankhamun was already open before him, more than once, since the entrance was not walled up and sealed. In the corridor of the tomb, Egyptologists noticed broken and whole jugs - another fact of the robbers. But inside, a real surprise was waiting for them: why did the pharaoh’s treasures remain untouched? There was no limit to the surprise of archaeologists. Having done numerous work, Carter reached a room full of various objects.

So what was found in the tomb of Tutankhamun? In the first two rooms there were vases, a golden throne, caskets, writing instruments, lamps, a golden chariot, numerous gold jewelry, precious stones, household items, sawn ships. Carter was particularly impressed by the black sculptures of the pharaoh standing opposite each other, in golden sandals and aprons, with wands, maces and a sacred cobra on his forehead. He also saw a beautiful feather fan that crumbled into dust from touching his hands.

Archaeologists, when they came to their senses after seeing the number of treasures, discovered that there was no sarcophagus in these rooms. So, there is still a funeral room.

Between the sculptures of the pharaoh, a sealed third room was discovered. and Carter decides to mothball further research with a view to organizing and negotiating with the Egyptian government. In December, he returned to work and set about describing, preserving and transporting treasures from the tomb. On December 27, the first batch of finds was brought to light. It was not very easy to do this, because some things made of fabric, leather or wood were almost decayed.

Burial Room Study

The burial room was lined with studded gold plates and decorated with blue mosaics. It was opened in mid-February. Also found a case in which the sarcophagus was located. On one side of the case were hinged doors, closed with a deadbolt, but without a seal. Behind them is another, smaller, without a mosaic, but with a pharaonic seal. Hanging over it was a cover of sequin linen, attached to wooden cornices. After archaeologists dismantled the last case, the lid of a large sarcophagus made of yellow quartzite was opened in front of the researchers. Picking up the lid, Carter found a gilded huge relief portrait of Tutankhamun. In fact, it was the cover of a two-meter coffin with the contours of a male figure.

In the golden sarcophagus was the darkened and petrified mummy of Tutankhamun. A mask of gold covered his chest and face. Since that time, the world has learned about the great pharaoh of Ancient Egypt - the young and mysterious Tutankhamun.

Where are the items from the tomb of Tutankhamun?

Items from the tomb of the pharaoh are in different museums on our planet. Today, most of the exhibits are in the Great Egyptian Museum. The posthumous golden mask of the pharaoh and the sarcophagus are exhibited in the Cairo Museum.

Tomb of Tutankhamun: interesting facts

The tomography of Tutankhamun's body in 2005 showed that the pharaoh had a height of 180 cm), and was well fed.

Tutankhamun and his wife had no children, although Ankhesenpaaton twice had a miscarriage. The bodies of two stillborn baby girls were mummified and placed in the tomb of Tutankhamun in small coffins.

There is a legend about the curse of the tomb of Tutankhamun. The tomb is associated with a series of deaths of several researchers who studied burial. The first among the researchers died Lord Carnarvon, who financed the excavation. He died almost five months after the opening of the tomb, on April 5, 1923.

Journalists counted 22 victims of the curse, 13 of whom were directly present at the opening of the tomb. And Howard Carter, who directed all the work in the tomb, died last, in 1939 at the age of 66.

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