What are the main ideas of Hegel's philosophy, the philosopher of German classical thought, you will learn from this article.
Hegel main ideas
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel is a classic of German thought, and his philosophy is the achievement of the 19th century. The views of the professor were formed under the influence of the dialectic of Didro, Cartesian rationalism, Boehme's mysticism and Schelling's philosophy. Not the last role in the formation of his ideas was played by discoveries in the field of natural sciences and the spiritual mood of the Great French Revolution.
Hegel's philosophy differs from other philosophical systems in that the thinker did not try to understand what is the meaning of all that exists. On the contrary, he perceived everything that existed as thinking, which turned into philosophy. His views and ideas are not subordinate to an independent object, nature or God. For the professor, God is an absolutely perfect thinking mind, and nature is the shell of dialectical reality. For the thinker, the essence of philosophy is self-awareness.
Hegel main ideas: briefly
The ideas of the philosopher are expressed through the basic concepts of his philosophy.
- Hegel believed that an outstanding personality who does world-historical deeds is an unchallenged morality. Only the greatness of the affair matters, not its moral meaning.
- The absolute ideas of Hegel's philosophy imply the idealism of concrete and unconditional universality with the starting point and the ultimate goal of knowledge.
- The subjective spirit is the individualization of the soul, which is characterized by the alienation of an absolute idea.
- Objective spirit is the alienation of an absolute idea in the objective world, which is accompanied by the emergence of morality, law and morality.
- Absolute spirit is the last step in rejecting an absolute idea. On it, the absolute spirit takes on the form of art, philosophy and religion, as the true embodiment of absolute knowledge.
- Alienation. Hegel said that this is a reflection of the absolute spirit in nature and history, the relationship between created reality and man.
- Withdrawal. This is a process of denial of denial, continuity in development from the old new.
- Triad. It is a universal reflection of all development processes and consists of 3 steps: the thesis is the initial factor, the antithesis is the negation of the original essence, the synthesis is the combination of the thesis and antithesis.
In addition, Hegel's philosophical point of view was reflected in philosophical principles. They are in the transition from abstraction to historicism, systematic, concrete and contradictory.
- The principle of ascent to the concrete from the abstract . This is the main dialectical method of cognition. Deep concrete knowledge that combines the special and the general occurs through the knowledge of the contentless and the general by deepening knowledge.
- The principle of historicism . Any object of knowledge is the result of a development process. In this case, cognition takes into account the historical dimension of the object. Hegel believes that the historical and logical aspects coincide.
- The principle of consistency. The real world is considered as a single whole, in which all elements are interconnected with each other to the necessary extent. It is noteworthy that the system does not develop by elements, but as a whole.
- The principle of contradiction . This is the reason and root cause of development. It can destroy the old system and build a completely new one.
We hope that from this article you learned what are the main ideas of G. Hegel.