Galileo Galilei short biography

Galileo Galilei A brief biography of the Italian physicist, mechanic, astronomer, philosopher is outlined in this article.

Galileo Galilei biography briefly

He was born on February 15 in 1564 in the Italian city of Pisa in the family of a noble but impoverished nobleman. From the age of 11 he was brought up in the monastery of Vallombrosa. At the age of 17 he left the monastery and entered the University of Pisa at the Faculty of Medicine. He became a professor at the University, later headed the Department of Mathematics at the University of Padua, where for 18 years he created a series of outstanding works in mathematics and mechanics.

Galileo Galilei interesting facts

He soon became the most famous lecturer at the university, and students lined up to attend his classes. It was at this time that he wrote the treatise "Mechanics".

Galileo described his first discoveries with a telescope in his work “Starry Herald”. The book was a sensational success. He built a telescope that magnifies objects three times, placed it on the San Marco tower in Venice, allowing everyone to look at the moon and stars.

Following this, he invented a telescope that increased power 11 times compared to the first. He described his observations in the work of "Starry Herald".

In 1637, the scientist lost his sight. Until that time, he worked intensively on his latest book, Conversations and Mathematical Evidence, Concerning Two New Branches of Science Relating to Mechanics and Local Movement. In this work, he summarized all his observations and achievements in the field of mechanics.

Galileo’s doctrine of the structure of the world contradicted Holy Scripture, and the scientist was persecuted for a long time by the Inquisition. Propaganda of the theory of Copernicus, he forever fell into disfavor of the Catholic Church. He was captured by the Inquisition and, threatened with death at the stake, renounced his views. He was forever forbidden to write or distribute his work in any way.

He died on January 8 in 1642 at Villa Arcetri.

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