Francis Drake Short Biography

Francis Drake Short Biography   will tell you what Francis Drake discovered and about his voyages.

Francis Drake biography briefly

Born July 13, 1540 in the city of Teyvistok (county Devonshire) in the family of a farmer. In his youth, sailed on coastal vessels calling at the Thames. After the first voyage across the Atlantic Ocean, Drake received the position of captain in the squadron of J. Gaukins. In 1567, he participated in the Gauquins naval expedition to seize the ships of the Spanish slave traders and rob the Spanish possessions in the West Indies.

Francis Drake Interesting Facts

Since 1570, Drake made pirate raids every summer in the Caribbean, which Spain considered to be his. He captured Nombre de Dios in Mexico, robbed caravans transporting silver from Peru to Panama.

In December 1577, Drake set off on his most famous expedition. It was equipped with money from private investors, which Drake was able to get thanks to the patronage of Count Essex, the favorite of Elizabeth I. Later, the navigator mentioned that the queen herself had invested 1000 crowns. Drake was instructed to sail through the Strait of Magellan, find suitable places for the colonies and return back in the same way. He was also supposed to raid Spanish possessions in America.

> Drake sailed from Plymouth on December 13, 1577. He commanded the Pelican (later it was renamed the Golden Doe) with a displacement of 100 tons; there were four more small ships in the squadron. Having sailed to the coast of Africa, the flotilla captured more than ten Spanish and Portuguese ships. Through the Magellans, the Drake Strait entered the Pacific Ocean; there a strong storm drove the ships south for 50 days. Between Tierra del Fuego and Antarctica, Drake discovered the strait, later named after him. The storm damaged the ships. One of them returned to England, others drowned. The captain only had the Golden Doe. Moving along the coast of South America, Drake robbed ships and harbors off the coast of Chile and Peru. On March 1, 1579, he captured the ship Cacafuego, loaded with gold and silver bullion. In July of that year, the ship commanded by Drake crossed the Pacific Ocean. In 1580, he returned to Plymouth. Thus, the seafarer made a trip around the world (second after F. Magellan), which brought him not only fame, but also wealth.

Having received his share of production (at least 10 thousand pounds), Drake bought an estate near Plymouth. Queen Elizabeth in 1581 granted him the title of knight. In 1585, Drake was appointed commander of the British fleet, heading for the West Indies. This marked the beginning of the war with Spain.

In March 1587, Drake unexpectedly stormed the port city of Cadiz in southern Spain, destroyed it and captured about 30 Spanish ships. And again, in addition to military glory, the "Queen Elizabeth" pirate received a lot of money - his personal part from the seized wealth amounted to more than 17 thousand pounds.

In 1588, Drake was appointed vice admiral and played a decisive role in the defeat of the “Invincible Armada”. Good luck left Drake during an expedition to the West Indies in 1595. He fell ill with dysentery and died on January 28, 1596 near Portobelo (Panama).

The Vice Admiral was buried according to the traditional naval rite, at sea.

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