Ekaterina Dashkova short biography

Ekaterina Dashkova, a brief biography of the princess, daughter of Count Vorontsov is set forth in this article. Ekaterina Dashkova - girlfriend and associate of the future Empress Catherine II, an active participant in the coup of 1762, director of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences and president of the Russian Academy

Dashkova Ekaterina Romanovna short biography

On March 17 (28), 1743, Princess Yekaterina Romanovna Dashkova (nee Vorontsova) was born in St. Petersburg.

She received her first education in the house of her uncle, Vice Chancellor Mikhail Illarionovich Vorontsov. Thanks to her love of reading, she became one of the most educated women of her time. Her favorite writers were Montesquieu , Voltaire , Boileau, Helvetius. From an early age, Dashkova was also interested in issues of Russian politics.

In 1758, she met Princess Ekaterina Alekseevna, the future Empress Catherine II. Their rapprochement occurred, including on the basis of literary predilections.

In the years 1769-1782. Dashkova visited Germany, Great Britain, Switzerland, Holland, France, Italy, met with European enlighteners J. J. Russo , Voltaire , D. Didro, V. A. Kaunits, A. Smith.

In 1783, the empress appointed E.R. Dashkova to the post of director of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences under the presidency of Count K. Razumovsky. Thus, Dashkova became the first woman in the world to manage the Academy of Sciences. Under her leadership, the collected works of M.V. Lomonosov , the works of S.P. Krasheninnikov, I. I. Lepyokhin were published. Publicly accessible courses in the natural sciences have also been resumed.

In 1783-1784 E. Dashkova led the publication of the interlocutor of lovers of the Russian word.

) 1783 года была учреждена Императорская Российская академия, которая стала центром изучения русского языка и словесности. Also, at its proposal, on September 30 ( October 11 ), 1783, the Imperial Russian Academy was established, which became the center for the study of the Russian language and literature. Dashkova wanted to elevate the Russian language to the rank of the great literary languages ​​of Europe. The main achievement of the Russian Academy was the publication in 1789-1794. the six-volume "Dictionary of the Academy of the Russian", the first explanatory dictionary of the Russian language, in the compilation of which many scientists and writers took part.

In 1794, the tragedy of Y. Knyazhnin, Vadim Novgorodsky, which provoked the wrath of Catherine the Great, was published in the collection The Russian Theater, or the Complete Collection of All Russian Theater Pieces, also published under the leadership of the President of the Russian Academy. Dashkova fell into disgrace and was removed from business. In 1801, upon the accession to the throne of Alexander I, members of the Russian Academy unanimously invited Dashkova to re-occupy the presidency, but she refused.

Recent years, Ekaterina Romanovna spent in work on memoirs. The manuscript "Notes" went abroad and was published in English and French. Dashkova’s memoirs are an important historical document containing a lot of interesting information about the life of the Russian aristocracy of the second half of the 18th century, the coup of 1762, and the Princess’s foreign impressions.

Ekaterina Romanovna Dashkova died in 1810 and was buried in the church of the Life-Giving Trinity in the village of Troitsky in the Kaluga province.

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