Ethiopia: geographic report

Ethiopia Grade 7 Geography Report will briefly tell you a lot of useful information about this African country.

Ethiopia: message

The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia is located in East Africa and is landlocked.

Capital of Ethiopia: Addis Ababa

Ethiopia population 2016: 102.4 million

According to the forecasts of the scientist in 2050, 165 million people will live in the country, and in 2100 - 400 million.

Which countries does Ethiopia border?

In the north, the country borders on Eritrea, in the northeast of Djibouti, in the east with unrecognized Somaliland and Somalia, in the south with Kenya and in the west of Sudan.

Climate of ethiopia

Depends on altitude. In the territory, which is located below sea level, a tropical zone prevails with an average annual temperature of + 27 ° С. In the territory located above sea level, the subtropical zone and temperate climate prevail with an average annual temperature of + 16 ° С ... + 22 ° С. From mid-June to September, it rains in the country. Also, the rainy season can be in February or March. On average, 200–500 mm fall on the plain per year. precipitation, and in the mountains about 1000-2000 mm. precipitation. On the territory of Ethiopia is the Afar Depression, which is considered the hottest place on the planet.

Relief of ethiopia

Ethiopia is the highest mountain country on the African continent. Most of the territory belongs to the Ethiopian Highlands, which stretched from north to south of the country. The northern part is considered the highest in the highlands. It is here that the highest points of Ethiopia are located: Ras Dashen and Talo. The highlands in the east pass into the Depression of Afar, the lowest point in Africa.

The western part of the country is characterized by a gentle relief, descending to the border with Sudan in small steps. The largest plain is located in the eastern and hottest part of Ethiopia. Between the mountain ranges in the west and north, several small plains are sandwiched.

Ethiopia Water Resources

The country has enough rainfall, so the Ethiopian rivers are full-flowing, which is good for irrigation of fields. Almost all rivers belong to the Nile catchment. The largest rivers of Ethiopia: Wabi-Shebelle, Abbay, Maly Abbay, Tekeze, Gilo, Baro, Sobat, Danakil, Omo. Among the large lakes distinguish - Gamarri, Bario, Tana and Abbe.

Flora and Fauna of Ethiopia

In the southwestern part of the country, where the highest rainfall occurs, dense vegetation covers. Tropical forests dominate here. In the rest of the territory, grassy vegetation, acacia savannahs, and coffee trees are common.

Poaching and intensive deforestation has led to a reduction in the species diversity of animals. Leopards, elephants, lions, cheetahs, hyenas, jackals and foxes are found here. Rhino, hippopotamuses, giraffes, monkeys, zebras, antelopes and crocodiles live in small numbers. Rare animals such as the Nyala antelope and the Ethiopian goat are also found in mountainous areas.

Ethiopia Attractions

If you decide to visit this strange country, then you should first visit the Coptic Church of St. George, the Palace of Emperor Menelik II, the Palace of Africa, the Art Museum, the Archaeological Museum, the Governor's Palace in Harer, the monastery complex in Gondar, Sof Omar Cave, mosques and stone temples.

We hope that the Ethiopian report helped you learn a lot about this country in East Africa. And you can supplement the story about Ethiopia through the comment form below.

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