Edward Jenner Short Biography

Edward Jenner a brief biography will tell what contribution the English doctor has to medicine . who created the first vaccine in the world - against smallpox, inoculating vaccine-friendly smallpox virus.

Edward Jenner Biography

Edward Jenner was born on May 17, 1749 in the town of Berkeley (England, Gloucestershire), was the eighth of nine children in the vicar's family.

At 14, he studied with a local surgeon, Daniel Ludlow. Jenner continued his further training as a doctor in London, where he studied anatomy and worked with patients.

Since 1773 he was a medical practitioner and surgeon in his native Berkeley.

He received a medical degree from the University of St Andrews in 1792.

At 32, he was already a famous surgeon. His biggest achievement is the invention of a vaccine that creates immunity to smallpox. He also owns the discovery that angina pectoris is a disease that affects the coronary arteries. The supply of blood to the heart muscle depends on the coronary arteries.

The scientist married in 1788, bought an estate in Berkeley. His wife was in poor health, so the family spent the summer in Cheltenham Spa. He had 3 children.

In 1821, the scientist was appointed extraordinary physician of King George IV, as well as the mayor of Berkeley and justice of the peace.

Jenner died on January 26, 1823 from a stroke.

Edward Jenner Contributing to Medicine

At that time, there were already vaccinations against smallpox in England, but often had negative consequences. The technique that existed at that time was called variolation and consisted in the vaccination of smallpox pus taken from a matured pustule of a patient suffering from smallpox. Approximately 2% of patients died after such a manipulation, since they fell ill not with a mild form of the disease, but with a severe one. Edward himself had a variation of 8 years.

Jenner noted that milkmaids were generally immune to smallpox. He suggested that infection with cowpox (a disease similar to smallpox, but much less virulent) promotes immunity to highly infectious smallpox.

On May 14, 1796, Edward Jenner began testing his theory. When the peasant woman Nelms got sick with smallpox, then bubbles appeared on her skin. Jenner took a chance and planted the contents of one vial with eight-year-old James Phipps. He took a great risk, since the fact that the boy was ill with smallpox was not enough. To confirm the theory, it was still necessary to infect it with smallpox. Edward knew that if the boy died, he would not have life either. After the child recovered from the cow, the scientist introduced human smallpox to him. Despite the fact that incisions were made on both hands of the patient and rubbing matter with poison thoroughly, there was no reaction. This meant that the experiment was successful: thanks to Jenner, Phipps became immune to smallpox, which is one of the most serious diseases. Although the child, he did not realize the severity and responsibility of the situation. The scientist became very attached to James, he loved him as his own son. On the day of the 20th anniversary of the publication of information about the experiment, the scientist gave Phipps a house with a garden in which he planted many flowers.

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