John Galsworthy Short Biography

John Galsworthy Short Biography

John Galsworthy is an English prose writer and playwright, author of The Forsyte Saga, Nobel Laureate in Literature (1932).

John Galsworthy was born on August 14, 1867 in the English city of Kingston upon Thames (Surrey, now part of Greater London), into a wealthy family.

His father is a lawyer, the director of a London company did not spare money for the education of his son. He studied law at Harrow Privileged School, then at Oxford University. The university became a famous athlete in the game of cricket and football.

In 1890, Mr .. became a lawyer, but never began to engage in law, and went on a trip around the world, where he began to write.

At the age of 28, John Galsworthy decided for himself that he would become a writer. In 1897, his first book was published, signed by the pseudonym John Sindzhon and representing a collection of short stories "From the Four Winds." The novice writer used the same pseudonym to publish several more works. A year later, he published the first novel "Jocelyn", in 1900 - the novel "Villa Rubeyn". In 1901 another collection of short stories appeared, in which the Forsyte family appeared - this was the beginning of the realization of the plan, which took more than three decades. In 1904, the book “The Island of the Pharisees” was published, notable for the fact that Galsworthy first published the work under his real name.

When Father Galsworthy died in 1904, he became financially independent. In 1905, Galsworthy married Ada Pearson (1864-1956), the former wife of a cousin. For ten years before this marriage, Galsworthy secretly met with his future wife.

After writing the novel “The Owner” (1906), they started talking about Galsworthy as a great writer, in addition, this work became the first volume of the future trilogy of the famous “Forsyte Saga”.

Released in 1906, the debut play Silver Box brought success to Galsworthy as a playwright.

In 1922, the one-volume edition of The Foresight Saga was published, which was simply a resounding success and brought their author the status of a key figure in Anglo-American literature.

John Galsworthy was engaged not only in literary, but also in public activities - he struggled to change laws on women's suffrage, censorship, divorce, etc., advocated for social reforms, and spent almost half of his income on charity.

In 1921, together with Catherine Amy Dawson-Scott founded the PEN Club; became his first chapter and supported financially until the end of his life.

In 1929, for services to literature, he became a member of the Order of Merit.

In November 1932, Galsworthy was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. But he suffered from a fatal illness (brain tumor), so he could not personally come to the award and gave the prize to PEN.

Galsworthy died on January 31, 1933 in London.

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