James Watt Short Biography

James Watt brief biography of an outstanding engineer and inventor, creator of the universal steam engine, a member of the Royal Society of London and the Paris Academy of Sciences.

James Watt Short Biography

James Watt Interesting Facts

James Watt was born January 19, 1736 in the town of Greenock, Scotland. Even in his teens, James became interested in astronomy and chemical experiments. The father sends his son to study in London, so that he is trained in plumbing. Having mastered the seven-year program in just a year, Watt returns to his home country and finds a job as a mechanic in manufacturing precision instruments at the University of Glasgow.

At work, James met such well-known physicists as J. Black and J. Robinson and takes part in the experiments in the field of vaporization research that they conducted. It is worth noting that at that time the creation of a steam engine was quite popular. The case was so absorbed in the mechanics of Watt that he began his own research. He studied the properties of water vapor and investigated the dependence of temperature on pressure.

In 1769, he received a patent with a focus on "ways to reduce steam consumption in steam engines." James deeply studies and makes attempts to improve different types of steam engines. He created his first steam engine in 1774. In 1782, the scientist created a steam engine with a double action of continuous rotation, which would later be called his name. The engine was of great importance, as it contributed to the transition to machine production in industry.

In addition, Watt invented gauge glass for boilers, a mercury manometer, copy ink, and a pressure indicator. He also deduced the unit of power measurement, which is used today - it's horsepower.

The inventor died on August 19, 1819 .

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