Report on Dagestan

A report on the topic “Dagestan” will help you learn a lot of useful information about this amazing mountainous country, which was sung by artists, poets and writers. The report on Dagestan can be used in preparation for classes.

Report on Dagestan

Features of the nature of Dagestan

The name of the country from the Turkic language means "country of mountains". And not in vain, because most of Dagestan is occupied by the mountains of the East Caucasus. It is also called the "country of languages": more than 2.5 million people live here, who communicate in 70 dialects and dialects and 30 languages.

Dagestan stretched along the Caspian Sea. The south of the country is supported by the peaks of the Caucasus Mountains, and the north is characterized by the Caspian lowland. The central part of the republic is occupied by foothills with an abundance of lakes and rivers. The diversity of the landscape, proximity to the sea endowed this republic with beautiful nature, extraordinary fauna and flora.

There are many minerals in the republic, among which deposits of combustible gases, oil, sulfur, quartz sand, marls, and also mineral springs are of industrial importance.

Rivers and lakes of Dagestan

This country is a water-supplied region, although the network of rivers and lakes is not evenly distributed. The largest rivers are Sulak, Samur and Terek. Their tributaries: Gizeldon, Ardon, Kambileevka, Urukh, Argudan, Snake, Malka, Ceydon, Midagrabin and Stirdon.

The largest lakes of the republic: Kaur, Mochokh, Ardzhi, Kezenoyam, Kezenoyam, Vakhchag, Kutsurako, Anzatl, Kvalish, Kvalish, Chodorikhor, Vostochnoe, Nour, Akkel and Chuburchakel.

Flora and fauna of Dagestan

  • Flora of Dagestan

The Republic of Dagestan is unique in terms of the diversity of the plant world. It is all about antiquity and the length of its existence in some kind of isolation. Flora has 4,500 species. There are 1100 of them endemic. Here are common medicinal herbs such as: medicinal marshmallow, aconite drainage, ordinary anise, periwinkle, common barberry, black henbane, ivy buds, butterbur, sandwort, medicinal valerian, black elderberry and so on. In addition, in Dagestan you can meet such plants - pepper mountaineer, urban gravilate, field bindweed, oregano, fireweed, middle asterisk, St. John's wort, mother and stepmother. To date, the land of the republic is highly susceptible to industrial human activity. This leads to the disappearance of plants and a reduction in the gene pool of vegetation.

  • Fauna of Dagestan

A variety of natural landscapes, mountain ranges and the sea allowed Dagestan to have a unique and specific fauna. On the coast of the Caspian Sea during the migration migration there are more than 300 species of birds, some of which are listed in the Red Books of the Republic of Dagestan and Russia. The state is inhabited by 40 species of reptiles, 89 species of mammals, 300 species of birds, 7 species of amphibians, 50 thousand species of insects. The most common mammals are: muskrat, sika deer, raccoon dog, raccoon, Persian squirrel, bezoar goat, bear, chamois, forest cat, wild boar, roe deer, hare.

In Dagestan there are 82 objects of fishery value. Most are breeding sturgeons.

What natural zone is Dagestan located in? Climate of Dagestan

The territory of Dagestan is located in the semi-desert zone and in 5 vegetative-climatic zones: deserts and semi-deserts, subtropical forests, glaciers and alpine tundra. The climate of the country is temperate continental, characterized by aridity. In mountains with altitude it changes: humidity rises and temperature drops. In the coastal, southern part of the republic, the climate is transitional from temperate to subtropical. A distinctive part of the lowland and seaside climate is strong winds. The average January temperature is + 1 ° С ... - 11 ° С. The average July temperature is + 24 ° C. The amount of precipitation ranges from 200-800 mm per year.

Interesting tourist places of Dagestan

If you decide to visit this republic, then first of all you need to visit: Watchtowers, Seven Brothers Fortress, Naryn-Kala Fortress, Mineral springs in the village of Akhty, Karabudakhkent caves, Mount Pushkin-tau.

Dagestan interesting facts:

  • Every year in the republic, mountains rise by 1 cm.
  • The anthem of Dagestan consists only of music.
  • UFOs are often observed over the state.
  • Here is the deepest canyon in the world - Sulak Canyon.
  • There are as many as 45 ghost villages in the republic.
  • In Dagestan they make the best carpets in the world, which will serve as long as 400 years (Persian maximum 150 years).
  • In the state is the smallest handwritten Quran.

We hope that the report on the topic of Dagestan helped you prepare for the lesson, and you learned a lot of useful information about this country. And you can leave your story about Dagestan through the comment form below.

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