Erasmus of Rotterdam has devoted his praise to his satire, you will learn from this article.
What did Erasmus of Rotterdam praise in his book?
Erasmus of Rotterdam was the most prominent representative of the movement of humanism, who made a huge contribution to the revival of the values of Antiquity. He defended the human right to happiness, joy and freedom. The main problem of his philosophy was politics, religion and ordinary human life. But Rotterdam entered the history of culture as a writer of the famous book “Praise of Nonsense”. Possessing a satirical gift, Erasmus criticized stupidity in all areas of human life. His book pushes to reflection on the fundamental question in philosophy: what is true wisdom.
The satire of Erasmus of Rotterdam praises what is called the real Nonsense, which praises itself in all aspects of life situations. In one case, praise acts as the satirical accusation of Stupidity, while in another it criticizes wisdom. And then stupidity can turn into wisdom, and wisdom into stupidity.
In his satire, he shows how a sage can turn out to be a distant “stupid block” in the most ordinary, everyday affairs. Such a discord with real life, real morals leads to the birth of hatred for the world around us. In this case, the sage becomes an adversary of common sense, ordinary life and a hater.
In some situations, Erasmus of Rotterdam in his satire by Stupidity means the opposite of reason - feelings. And, as you know, without feelings there can be no happiness, enjoyment and life itself.
According to the author’s satire, the most important principle of philosophy is the paradoxical universal duality of being, the main ethical requirement of which is “nothing beyond measure”. Erasmus of Rotterdam, praising genuine stupidity, considered it limited and one-sided.
The second part of “Praise of Stupidity” is devoted to the accusation of stupidity in all segments of the population - from the highest noble circles to the common people. The author exposes the sovereigns to depravity and corruption of society, and also advocates forgiveness of war in any manifestations. He considered her the most shameful and grave manifestation of Stupidity. In this aspect, Rotterdam saw in the war a demoralizing, destructive effect on the then society.
The satirical scourge of the philosopher also touched scholastics, clergy and monks.
We hope that from this article you learned what Erasmus of Rotterdam dedicated his satire to.