Andrei Bogolyubsky what you did for Russia and what the grand duke built you will learn from this article.
What was Andrey Bogolyubsky?
Bogolyubsky Andrey Yuryevich (1111 - June 29, 1174) is the Vladimir-Suzdal prince and since 1157 the great Kiev prince. He was the eldest son of Prince Yuri Dolgoruky and Aepa, daughter of the Polovtsian khan. He was twice married. The first wife of Bogolyubsky was the daughter of Kuchka Stefan Ivanovich, the first owner of Moscow. The second wife of the prince was a captive from the Volga-Kama Bulgaria, who was brought from a military campaign in 1164.
In 1149, he received the city of Vyshhorod from his father. And a year later he was transferred to Western Russian lands, where Bogolyubsky got into the possession of the cities of Pinsk, Turov and Peresopnitsa.
In 1151, Andrei Yuryevich received his father’s consent to return to his native Suzdal lands. After 4 years, Vyshgorod is transferring him back. But despite his father’s objections, he escapes to Vladimir Zalessky, taking with him the icon of the Virgin Mary painted by the Evangelist Luke.
When Yuri Dolgoruky died in 1157, Andrei Bogolyubsky inherited the Grand Princely Kiev throne. Thus, answering the question, Andrei Bogolyubsky was the prince of which city , it is worth saying that he was the prince of several cities - Kiev, Rostov, Suzdal and Vladimir. But, despite the custom, the prince did not go to Kiev to live.
In 1162, the prince, relying on his servants, expelled all his relatives and his father's squad from Rostov-Suzdal land. At the same time, Andrei Bogolyubsky moved the capital of north-eastern Russia from Suzdal to Vladimir , having built his residence in the city he built - Bogolyubovo-on-Nerl. Thanks to this, he got his nickname.
Also, Andrei Bogolyubsky was the first to make the first attempt in the history of Kievan Rus in 1160 to divide the church into 2 metropolises. But he failed to do this.
What did Andrei Bogolyubsky build?
During the reign of the prince, large-scale construction began in Vladimir and its suburbs. Andrei Bogolyubsky built the Golden Gate in the likeness of the Kiev Golden Gate, the castle city of Bogolyubovo. He did not forget about the spiritual component of life. Thanks to him, the Assumption Cathedral, Intercession on the Nerl, the Church of the Nativity of the Virgin in Bogolyubovo were erected . The temples built by Andrei Bogolyubsky were the personification of the high cultural development of the state, the beauty of which could not be expressed in words.
In addition, Andrei Bogolyubsky did a lot in order to get rid of the influence of Byzantium in Russia. The prince constantly invited Western European architects for the construction of temples and other structures. He introduced in Russia new holidays that were not celebrated in Byzantium - the holidays of the Protection of the Holy Virgin and the Savior.
We hope that from this article you learned what policy Andrei Bogolyubsky conducted and what he did for Kievan Rus.