Erasmus of Rotterdam interesting facts from the life of the European humanist are presented in this article.
Erasmus of Rotterdam interesting facts
Where was Erasmus of Rotterdam born? He was born on October 28, 1469 in Gouda, a suburb of Rotterdam, which was part of the Burgundian Netherlands.
Erasmus's parents were not married, so the scientist was the illegitimate child of a priest and his maidservant. But in 1506, Pope Julius II "washed away" a spot of illegal origin from him, issuing a special letter in this regard.
The fate of the European humanist Erasmus of Rotterdam was not at all easy. At the age of 13 he lost his parents. It was because of this that he spent several years in the monastery, where he was engaged in self-education.
The great humanist Erasmus of Rotterdam was one of those people who did not attach themselves to any country. The scientist felt neither German nor Dutch, nor a citizen of the world or any country. He treated all countries the same way. Erasmus did not attach much importance to what nationality the person belongs.
He admired ancient Greece and Rome , studying their languages, culture and mores. He showed deep respect for writers and philosophers of that time.
Why is Erasmus a Rotterdam humanist? He showed individualism, which is the main feature of humanistic aspirations. The scientist opposed monasticism and scholasticism, emphasizing the development of the personal principle in the field of spiritual culture. Erasmus introduced into humanism the spirit of a new secular and theological education.
Erasmus was known as kind, tender, thin, easily vulnerable, feeling the need for harmony and friendship, which hated contention. He quickly and easily found a common language with different people. But at the same time, the theologian was touchy, vindictive, incredulous, quarrelsome. Closer to old age, these qualities have become simply manic.
Had poor health. He was lucky to recover from gout and kidney disease in the most famous healer of that period - Paracelsus.
The scholar prepared the world's first Greek edition of the New Testament with commentary, and also marked the beginning of a new critical study of scripture texts.
He advocated the return of the literary heritage of antiquity to European culture.
He was nicknamed the Prince of Humanists.
He believed that a person consists of a soul, spirit, body.
He owned Latin.
He considered Thomas More his best friend and was very worried about his fate.
He was indifferent to politics.
We hope that from this article you learned some interesting facts about Erasmus of Rotterdam.